The Frederick Historic District is one of the highlights of Frederick County. The District has become a destination place for visitors from all over the region. It makes a great day trip, or week-end get-a-way. The city is rich with history, shopping and sightseeing.
The Frederick Towne Historic District
The Frederick Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973, and a boundary increase was added in 1988. The National Park Service designates historic districts, and lists them in the National Register. The state usually follows similar criteria and can have their own set of rules and restrictions on rehabilitation standards. There can also be a third layer of local administrations in the respective county or municipal governments.
Two Historic Districts in Frederick
Sometimes the exact boundaries of the Historic District in Frederick are confusing. Did you know there are actually 2 historic districts? If you own a home or are thinking of buying a home in the Historic District, it’s important to know the distinctions between the two.
First, a little history:
In 1744 an Annapolis lawyer named Daniel Dulaney bought 7,000 acres west of the Monocacy River. He planned the original 144 lots along a grid with streets running north and south, east and west. More lots were added later for a total of 340 lots, running from 7th Street to the north, South Street to the south, and Bentz Street to the west, East Street.
Frederick was incorporated in 1816, and was no longer known as Fredericktown, but as Frederick. After that, several other sections were added to Frederick, including sections on the west side of Bentz Street, sections along both sides of West Patrick Street and the north side of West South Street.
The original plat laid out by Daniel Dulaney was extended in 1891 to include East Third Street, and in 1894, to include Clarke Place just south of the Maryland School for the Deaf. (You can see the later period of these sections by the Victorian architecture, and the houses built further back from the road.) The City of Frederick’s Historic District basically includes these areas.
1. The Frederick Town Historic District
The City of Frederick established The Historic District in 1952, which included just a few blocks of Downtown Frederick. It has been expanded several times over the years with the most recent boundaries drawn in 1995.
The Historic Commission was created in 1977 and renamed the “Historic Preservation Commission” in 2005. In 2001 the Historic District was officially named “Frederick Town Historic District“.
2. The National Register Historic District
The National Register District includes all of the Frederick Town Historic District… and some more. Here is the reason you need to know about the 2 districts: Those properties outside the Frederick Town Historic District, but inside the National Register District do not require permits from the Historic Preservation Commission. (Just Building permits) However, property owners in both districts may be eligible for local, state, and federal tax incentives.
The Frederick Town Historic District makes up over 50 square blocks of the city, one of the largest historic areas in the region. The residential, industrial, commercial and church buildings date from the late 1700’s to 1941. The architecture includes many Federal style buildings, Queen Anne, American Foursquare, and late Victorian. The churches have the high styles of the late 19th and early 20th centuries: Gothic and Greek Revival, Romanesque and Colonial Revival.
See Homes for Sale in Frederick Town Historic Frederick
If you are visiting Frederick and want to make the most of your day, the Historic District in Downtown Frederick will make a great destination with lots of interesting things to do. Make sure you have your camera! Even if you’re a local, you might find something new in my list. Here are 10 things to explore in our lovely city.
For more information visit the Frederick Tourism website. And make sure to visit our gem of a city.