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Homeowner Tips – Use Less Water on Your Yard and Garden

Homeowner Tips – Use Less Water on Your Yard and Garden

Use Less Water More Effectively

It’s that time of year again, when homeowners work to create the lawn and garden that make outdoor living so enjoyable. Homeowners will be happy to know that having a lush green lawn, beautiful landscaping and colorful flowers doesn’t have to cost a fortune in water. Sprinkler and drip irrigation systems can be be used to make the process much easier, and much more dependable.

Irrigation systems can regularly send water to various spots in landscapes and gardens. Today’s systems can be designed to be convenient for homeowners and water-efficient, too. For instance, the drip irrigation system uses above-ground tubing and can easily be installed as a DIY project.
NaturaLawn of America Lawn Care Frederick MD
photo: NaturaLawn of America

To get the most out of any irrigation system, it’s better to plan a landscape design before installation. Knowing where lawn areas, shrubs, trees, flower beds and gardens will be planted can assure the best design for the sprinkler system. But if you don’t have the ability to plan ahead, there are plenty of ways to retrofit today’s systems into your existing landscaping.

If you’re planning a landscape upgrade or putting in new features, it may be the perfect time to add an irrigation system.

Planning Ahead

Planning ahead allows for “hydrozoning,” the process of grouping plants with similar watering needs together. For example, planting shrubs (which need less water) near perennials (which typically need more water) can hamper the shrub’s growth. Mismatched platings can also result in water waste. Any local garden shop will have information on the needs of various plants when it comes to water and sun. Many have gardening experts on hand to help you plan your landscaping.

Sprinler systemsThe same sprinkler heads must be grouped together on the same valve to operate sprinklers most efficiently.

Different sprinkler head types put out vastly different amounts of water in the same time period. Mixed heads in the same zone will again result in over-watering of some plants and under-watering of others.

While there are many varieties of sprinkler heads, the three general categories are: spray, rotor, and drip heads.

  • Spray heads either pop-up out of the ground or have a stationary head. They are most commonly used on small areas such as turf, shrubs or flower beds. Spray heads put out a lot of water in a short amount of time.
  • Rotor heads are useful in covering large areas, and typically apply water more uniformly than spray heads. The slower output of a rotor head allows them to be used on all soil types with less cycling.
  • Drip systems have become popular for irrigating flowers and gardens. A drip system usually consists of a special tube or hose with holes (emitters) along it. These emitters may cover uniformly, or be set up to randomly water only certain plants. Drip irrigation can save time and money when installed properly because it applies water directly to the soil, eliminating over-spray.

Seasonal Adjustments

To save the most water, sprinkler systems must be adjusted to the season. Landscapes need much less water during the spring and fall than during the summer. Watering should be done between 6 and 10 p.m. Not watering during the hot daytime hours will reduce the amount of water lost to evaporation.

A common problem with sprinkler systems is water pressure. Without correct pressure, sprinklers will not perform effectively. Pressures that are too high can damage nozzles and heads, sometimes even causing them to break off. If pressure is too high, pressure-reducing valves and heads can be installed or retrofitted. Manufacturer’s instructions and specifications will contain the information necessary to ensure proper water pressure.

Use Local Plants

use local plants and flowers
Black-Eyed Susan – Rudbeckia

Using plants and flowers that grow naturally in your local are will be the best way to insure that they stay healthy and beautiful, without a lot of extra care. You can find local plant suggestions from your state extension program, or from a master gardener in your area.

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Saving Time and Money

If you’ve invested in landscaping around your home, then you’ll want to take care of that investment. Using an irrigation and sprinkling system makes it easier to properly take care of your plants and grass, and it can be programmed to do so, saving you time and money.

Although it may seem like an expense upfront, an irrigation system can make life much easier. You may find that having time to enjoy your outdoor rooms, as well as saving on water, far outweigh the initial expense.

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Thanks to David Goldberg for an informational guest post!

David Goldberg –  Home Inspector

fax:  301-774-4554 
Reliable Home Services, Inc.

PO Box 5159
Laytonsville, MD 20882
ASHI Member #101584
MD License #29322

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Homeowner Tips - Use Less Water on Your Yard and Garden
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Homeowner Tips - Use Less Water on Your Yard and Garden
Although it may seem like an expense upfront, an irrigation system can save money, make life much easier, as well as conserve water on the law.

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